Bethlehem

   A town in the West Bank, it lies about five miles (eight kilometers) south of Jerusalem and is the traditional birthplace of Jesus Christ. Bethlehem is chiefly a religious shrine with many churches and other religious institutions. It was a walled city during the time of King David, who was born there. Christian crusaders captured it in the first crusade but later lost it to Turkish Muslims. The Ottoman Turks gained control of the area in the 1500s. In 1917, during World War I, British forces led by General Allenby took the town. It was part of the West Bank area annexed by Jordan in 1949, and Israel took control of the city during the Six-Day War (1967). Control of the city was initially transferred to the Palestinians in late 1995 within the context of the Oslo II Interim Agreement but largely retaken by Israel in Operation Defensive Shield in the spring of 2002. On 3 April 2002, the Church of Nativity, the traditional birthplace of Christianity, was taken over by dozens of heavily armed Islamic terrorist fugitives fleeing Israeli forces. For several weeks, a standoff ensued, with Israel assiduously avoiding assaulting the terrorists for fear of damaging the church and thereby provoking crises with the Vatican and the broader Christian world. The standoff was finally resolved on 10 May 2002 through the intervention of the government of Italy and other international actors.
   See also Arab-Israeli Conflict.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Bethlehem — • Titular see of Palestine • Birthplace of Jesus • An architectural term used in the Ethiopic Church for the oven or bakehouse for baking the Korban or Eucharistic bread Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bethlehem …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bethlehem — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bethlehem Información personal Origen Grevenbroich/North Rhine Westphalia, Alemania Información artística Género(s) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bethlehem — Жанры Dark Metal Годы 1991 наст. вр. Страна …   Википедия

  • BETHLEHEM — (Beth Lehem) (Heb. בֵּית לֶחֶם; Arab. Bait Lahm), city in Judah located five mi. (eight km.) S. of Jerusalem. Bethlehem may be mentioned in the el amarna letters (14th century B.C.E.) as a city in the territory of Jerusalem (Bit ilu Nin. Ib = the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bethlehem — Bethlehem, NC U.S. Census Designated Place in North Carolina Population (2000): 3713 Housing Units (2000): 1549 Land area (2000): 7.594031 sq. miles (19.668449 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.313086 sq. miles (3.400877 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, GA — U.S. town in Georgia Population (2000): 716 Housing Units (2000): 265 Land area (2000): 2.157709 sq. miles (5.588441 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.157709 sq. miles (5.588441 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, NC — U.S. Census Designated Place in North Carolina Population (2000): 3713 Housing Units (2000): 1549 Land area (2000): 7.594031 sq. miles (19.668449 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.313086 sq. miles (3.400877 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.907117 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, PA — U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 71329 Housing Units (2000): 29631 Land area (2000): 19.255333 sq. miles (49.871081 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.167156 sq. miles (0.432931 sq. km) Total area (2000): 19.422489 sq. miles (50.304012 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem, WV — U.S. village in West Virginia Population (2000): 2651 Housing Units (2000): 1169 Land area (2000): 3.529233 sq. miles (9.140672 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.529233 sq. miles (9.140672 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethlehem — Beth le*hem, n. [Heb. b[=e]th lekhem house of food; b[=e]th house + lekhem food, l[=a]kham to eat. Formerly the name of a hospital for the insane, in London, which had been the priory of St. Mary of Bethlehem. Cf. {Bedlam}.] 1. A hospital for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bethlehem — [beth′lə hem΄, beth ləhəm; ] occas [., beth′lēhəm] [LL (Vulg.) < Gr Bēthleem < Heb bet lechem, lit., house of bread] 1. ancient town in Judea; traditionally regarded as the birthplace of Jesus (Matt. 2:1): now a town in the West Bank: pop.… …   English World dictionary

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